FCI-Standard N° 97 / 05. 03. 1998 / GB
GERMAN SPITZ, INCLUDING KEESHOND AND POMERANIAN
Spitz, inklusive Keeshond und Pomeranian)
PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
: Watch and Companion Dog.
: Group 5 Spitz and primitive types.
Without working trial.
: German Spitz are descendants of the stone age « Peat Dogs » (Torfhund)
« Canis familiaris palustris Rόthimeyer » and the later Lake
Dwellers (Pfahlbau) Spitz; they are the oldest breed of dog in
Central Europe. Numerous other breeds have been produced from
them. In non-German speaking countries Wolfsspitz are known as
Keeshonds and Toy Spitz as Pomeranians.
: Spitz breeds are captivating on account of their beautiful coats,
made to stand off by plentiful undercoat. Particularly impressive
is the strong, mane-like collar round the neck (ruff) and the bushy
tail carried boldly over the back. The foxy head with alert eyes
and the small pointed, closely set ears give the Spitz his unique
characteristic, cheeky appearance.
: The ratio of height at withers to body length is 1 : 1.
: The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and exceptionally
devoted to his owner. He is very teachable and easy to train. His
distrust to strangers and lack of hunting instinct make him the
ideal watchdog for home and farm.
He is neither timid nor
aggressive. Indifference to weather, robustness and longevity are
his most outstanding attributes.
: The Spitzs medium size head, seen from above, appears broadest at
the back and tapers in wedgeshape to the tip of the nose.
: Moderate to marked, never abrupt.
: The nose is round, small and pure black, dark brown in brown
: The muzzle is not overlong and stands in pleasing proportion to
the skull. (In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium-size
Spitz the ratio length of the muzzle to length of the skull is
approximately 2:3, in Miniature Spitz and Toy Spitz approximately
: The lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not
form any folds to the corner of the mouth. They are completely
black in all colours, brown in brown Spitz.
: The jaws are normally developed and show a complete scissor bite
with 42 teeth, corresponding to the teeth formula of the dog, i.e.
the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square
to the jaws. In Miniature-and Toy (Pomeranian) Spitz the lack of a
few premolars is tolerated. Pincer-bite is permissible in all
varieties of Spitz.
: The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
: The eyes are of medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting and
dark. The eyelids are black in all shades of colour, dark brown in
: The small ears are
set high and relatively close to each other, triangular and pointed;
they are always carried upright, stiff at the tips.
: The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders, slightly
arched without throatiness and covered by a thick, profuse coat
forming a large ruff.
: The topline starts at the tips of the erectly carried prick-ears
and merges in a gentle curve with the short, straight back. The
bushy, sweeping tail, which partially covers the back, rounds off
: The high withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest possible,
straight, firm back.
: Short-coupled, broad and strong.
: The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
: The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
: The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the belly has only a
slight tuck up.
: The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches upwards
and rolls forward over the back, straight from the root. It lies
firmly over the back and is covered with very bushy hair. A double
curl at tip of tail is tolerated.
: Straight, rather broad front.
: The shoulder-blade is long and well laid back. The upper arm,
which is approximately the same length, forms an angle of 90 degrees
to the shoulder-blade. The shoulder is well muscled and firmly
connected to the brisket.
: The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns
neither in nor out.
: The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy
and completely straight. The back of the forearm is well feathered.
: The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20
degrees from the vertical.
: The front feet are as small as possible, round and closed, so
called cat feet, with well arched toes. Toe-nails and pads are
black in all shades of colour, but dark brown in brown dogs.
: The hindquarters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the
hocks. The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
Upper and lower
Upper and lower thigh are of about equal length.
: The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulation and is
turned neither in nor out in movement.
: The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the
: The hind feet are as small as possible, tightly closed with well
arched toes, so called cat feet. The pads are coarse. The colour
of nails and pads is as dark as possible.
: The German Spitz moves straight ahead with good drive, fluid and
: The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.
: The German Spitz has a double coat : Long, straight, stand off top
coat and short, thick, cotton-wool-like undercoat. Head, ears,
front side of front and hind legs and the feet are covered by short,
thick (velvety) hair. The rest of the body has a long rich coat.
Not wavy, curly or corded, not parted on the back. Neck and
shoulders are covered by a thick mane. The backside of the front
legs is well feathered, the hind legs have ample feathering from
croup to hocks. The tail is bushy.
: Grey shaded.
b) Giant-Spitz :
Black, brown, white.
c) Medium size Spitz
: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
d) Miniature Spitz
: Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
Spitz/Pomeranian : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded,
: In the black Spitz, the undercoat and skin must also be black and
the colour on top must be a shining black without any white or other
: The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
: The coat should be pure white without any trace of yellow in
particular, which often occurs, specially on the ears.
: The orange Spitz should be evenly coloured in the medium colour
Keeshond / Keeshond
: Grey-shaded is a silver grey with black hair-tips. Muzzle and
ears dark in colour; round the eyes well defined « spectacles »
shown as a delicately pencilled black line slanting from outer
corner of eye to lower corner of ear, coupled with distinct markings
and shading forming expressive short eyebrow; mane and ring on
shoulder lighter; fore- and hindlegs without any black marking under
the elbows or stifles, except slight pencilling on the toes; black
tip of tail; underside of tail and trousers pale silver grey.
Other coloured Spitz
: The term « other colours » covers all shades of colour, such as :
cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan, and particolour
(with white always as main colour). The black, brown, grey or
orange patches must be distributed over the whole body.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at the
withers : a)
Wolfspitz/Keeshond 49 cm +/- 6 cm
b) Giant Spitz
46 cm +/- 4 cm
Medium size Spitz 34 cm +/- 4 cm
Miniature Spitz 26 cm +/- 3 cm
e) Toy Spitz/Pomeranian 20
cm +/- 2 cm Dogs under 18 cm
: Each variety of German Spitz should have a weight corresponding to
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog.
flat; distinct apple head.
Flesh-coloured nose, eyelids and lips.
Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium size Spitz missing teeth.
grey-shaded Spitz missing of distinct markings of the face.
Aggressive or overly shy
white patches in all not white Spitz.
Any dog clearly showing physical or
behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.